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Periodontal Disease & Care
PROUDLY SERVING THE MCLEAN, VIENNA, AND TYSONS COMMUNITY


Gum disease is an infection of the tissues that surround and support your teeth. Because gum disease is usually painless, you may not know you have it.

Also referred to as periodontal disease, gum disease is caused by the bacteria that is constantly forming on our teeth.

The Early Stage of Gum Disease Is Called Gingivitis

If you have gingivitis, your gums may become red, swollen and bleed easily. At this stage, the disease is still reversible and can usually be eliminated by a professional cleaning at your dental office, followed by daily brushing and flossing.

Advanced Gum Disease Is Called Periodontitis

Chronic periodontitis can lead to the loss of tissue and bone that support the teeth and it may become more severe over time. If it does, your teeth will feel loose and start moving around in your mouth. It usually gets worse slowly, but there can be periods of rapid progression.

Periodontal Maintenance

A periodontal maintenance procedure (PMP) is defined as a procedure that is recommended following periodontal treatment (such as scaling and root planing) and continues at varying intervals, determined by the clinical evaluation of the dentist.

These intervals can be as frequent as every two months and they can be extended as long as six months, depending on the patient. Keeping up your PMP interval is important because periodontal disease can recur without adequate follow-up.

PMP includes removal of plaque and tartar above and below the gums, scaling and root planing of specific areas, and polishing. PMP is always completed following active periodontal treatment such as scaling and root planing or more extensive gum surgery.

Scaling and Root Planing

Scaling and root planing is a special type of treatment that goes deeper BELOW the gum line to remove contaminated debris and bacteria, most often performed on patients with active periodontitis.

This seems to be a procedure that causes so much confusion for patients in trying to understand the difference between "just a cleaning" and scaling and root planing, and the need/reason for this procedure.

A professional polishing or prophy removes only the soft sticky plaque and hard crusty calculus that is ABOVE the gum line on the crown of the tooth. Scaling and root planing is done to remove soft sticky plaque and hard crusty calculus that is loaded with bacteria, around and BELOW the gum line on root surfaces. It is a method of treating gum disease when pockets formed around the teeth have a measurement of greater than 3mm and there is evidence of bleeding and tissue attachment loss.

Scaling

Scaling is a procedure that meticulously removes contaminated biofilm, plaque, calculus, microorganisms and toxins from around the gum line down to the bottom of each periodontal pocket, in order to obtain a healing response.

Root Planing

Root planing involves smoothing the root surfaces of your teeth with thin instruments so gum tissue can more firmly reattach to roots that are clean and smooth, to prevent tooth loss and sensitivity problems. This procedure makes it more difficult for plaque, calculus and bacteria to accumulate along these root surfaces.

Because this procedure goes deeper than a regular cleaning, your mouth may be numbed. The cleaning may take one to six visits to complete. Depending on the extent of the disease, you may need one or more quadrants of the mouth to be treated with scaling and root planing.

Some Reasons Why Root Planning May Be Necessary

•  To control the growth of harmful bacteria
•  Help the pocket wall reattach firmly to the clean root surface
•  Prevent further bleeding of the gums from disease
•  Reduce inflammation
•  Reduce discomfort
•  Prevent bone loss
•  Prevent gum disease related tooth loss
•  Reduce systemic disease
Monday: 10:00am–6:00pm
Tuesday: 7:30am–1:00pm
Wednesday: 9:00am–5:00pm
Thursday: 7:00am–4:00pm

TYSON SMILES
TYSONS DENTAL OFFICE
8230 Leesburg Pike
Suite 730
Vienna, VA 22182
Call: (571) 758-5889
Fax: (703) 893-5315


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